The preliminary proceedings had found such a practice and allowed the applicant to demand payment from the groom. However, a High Court chamber, in the second appeal, stated that such a payment of money for marriage to an adult woman was not applicable because it was immoral and contrary to public policy. Section 26 of the Indian Contract Act is a widespread provision, with only one significant exception. It does not extinguish a partial or absolute agreement on the marriage of a minor. This exception, unlike public policy in general, is to marry a minor and, by the reluctance to commit such acts, the agreement that limits such marriages can instead be characterized as a more important public order. Although brokerage contracts were very popular in the land country, the courts did not obtain such agreements. The Contracts Act was the first law enacted in India that explicitly invalidated such an agreement, which would, in fact, restrict the freedom of marriage to one of the parties. The basic idea of this provision was to ensure that citizens did not lose their right to marry after their election, which, by virtue of a contractual commitment made at any time, is an integral part of a civil society that is both personal and social. Section 27 of the Indian Contract Act declares all agreements in trade restrictions, not entered into by tanto, with the only exception is the sale of goodwill. Nevertheless, it is important to understand that these agreements are non-abundant and not illegal. In other words, these agreements are not illegal, they are simply not enforceable in court if one of the parties does not fulfill its part of the agreement.
Unlike the common law, even partial agreements of trade restriction or reasonable withholding under the Contracts Act are not valid. Thus, the Commission envisaged limiting the Adrand of the section by rendering null and void any agreement to completely restrict marriage, while allowing a partial reservation if the agreed withholding was deemed appropriate by the Tribunal in the circumstances. This would allow for several agreements that could be better for both individuals and society. The subject is a promise to give a girl in marriage. It is called “vagdan,” or gift by word, as a gift by the actual delivery of the bride; and its form is that of a promise made by the father or another guardian of the bride in favor of the bride to give him the bride in the marriage.