The assignment of the contract means that the contract and ownership, rights or obligations of this contract may be transferred to another party. The assignment of the contractual clause is usually in a commercial contract. This type of clause is common in contracts with suppliers or suppliers and in intellectual property agreements (patent, trademark and copyright agreements). 2 The transfer of the ceding position to the purchaser requires an agreement between them. Since the transfer results in the remaining portion of the contract being confronted with a new party with whom it has not entered into the contract, such a transfer must also be subject to the approval of that party. This consent can be given by that party in advance or, for example. B, by means of a trilateral agreement, as long as the transfer is made by agreement between the seller and the purchaser. It is important that everyone knows what the terms of the contract contain. The transfer of bonds and rights is a very simple concept, but with very important implications within the framework of the law. In many cases, the effects of attribution are severely limited. Copyright transfer agreements are usually prepared by the publisher, and some print magazines contain a copy of the statement in each issue they have published.
 If authors want to deviate from the standard wording – z.B. if they want to retain copyright or do not want to give the publisher an exclusive right to publish, they can indicate the desired changes by directly editing the document or adding an addition to a copy of the default version. However, the editorial guidelines for accepting these addendums vary. Some institutions provide instructions and support to staff to create such additions.   Licensing is an agreement by which a party leases the rights to use a property (for example. B intellectual property) of another party. For example, a company that holds a patent may license another company to manufacture products with that patent. There may be situations where a party wishes to leave a contract and transfer its role to a new incoming party.
In England and Wales, the transfer of a contract from one party to another is called “assignment” of a contract or “assignment” of the treaty and “assignment” of a treaty in Scotland. The assignment of the contract allows a person to transfer or transfer his rights, obligations or property to another person. The assignment of a contractual clause is often included in contracts to allow one of the parties to transfer its share of the contract to another person in the future. Many transfer clauses require both parties to accept the assignment. Therefore, critics argue that copyright in scientific research is largely ineffective in its proposed use, but that it has also been wrongly acquired in many cases, and that in practice it is contrary to its fundamental purpose of protecting authors and other scientific research. Plan S requires authors and their respective institutions to retain copyrights to articles without transferring them to publishers; also supported by OA2020. [Note 4] The researchers found no evidence of the need for a transfer of copyright for publication or, in all cases, where a publishing house exercised copyright in the best interests of the authors.